A Scrapy component is any class whose objects are created using scrapy.utils.misc.create_instance().

That includes the classes that you may assign to the following settings:

Third-party Scrapy components may also let you define additional Scrapy components, usually configurable through settings, to modify their behavior.

Enforcing component requirements

Sometimes, your components may only be intended to work under certain conditions. For example, they may require a minimum version of Scrapy to work as intended, or they may require certain settings to have specific values.

In addition to describing those conditions in the documentation of your component, it is a good practice to raise an exception from the __init__ method of your component if those conditions are not met at run time.

In the case of downloader middlewares, extensions, item pipelines, and spider middlewares, you should raise scrapy.exceptions.NotConfigured, passing a description of the issue as a parameter to the exception so that it is printed in the logs, for the user to see. For other components, feel free to raise whatever other exception feels right to you; for example, RuntimeError would make sense for a Scrapy version mismatch, while ValueError may be better if the issue is the value of a setting.

If your requirement is a minimum Scrapy version, you may use scrapy.__version__ to enforce your requirement. For example:

from packaging.version import parse as parse_version

import scrapy

class MyComponent:
    def __init__(self):
        if parse_version(scrapy.__version__) < parse_version("2.7"):
            raise RuntimeError(
                f"{MyComponent.__qualname__} requires Scrapy 2.7 or "
                f"later, which allow defining the process_spider_output "
                f"method of spider middlewares as an asynchronous "