Source code for scrapy.downloadermiddlewares.retry

An extension to retry failed requests that are potentially caused by temporary
problems such as a connection timeout or HTTP 500 error.

You can change the behaviour of this middleware by modifying the scraping settings:
RETRY_TIMES - how many times to retry a failed page
RETRY_HTTP_CODES - which HTTP response codes to retry

Failed pages are collected on the scraping process and rescheduled at the end,
once the spider has finished crawling all regular (non failed) pages.
from logging import getLogger, Logger
from typing import Optional, Union

from twisted.internet import defer
from twisted.internet.error import (
from twisted.web.client import ResponseFailed

from scrapy.core.downloader.handlers.http11 import TunnelError
from scrapy.exceptions import NotConfigured
from scrapy.http.request import Request
from scrapy.spiders import Spider
from scrapy.utils.python import global_object_name
from scrapy.utils.response import response_status_message

retry_logger = getLogger(__name__)

[docs]def get_retry_request( request: Request, *, spider: Spider, reason: Union[str, Exception] = 'unspecified', max_retry_times: Optional[int] = None, priority_adjust: Optional[int] = None, logger: Logger = retry_logger, stats_base_key: str = 'retry', ): """ Returns a new :class:`~scrapy.Request` object to retry the specified request, or ``None`` if retries of the specified request have been exhausted. For example, in a :class:`~scrapy.Spider` callback, you could use it as follows:: def parse(self, response): if not response.text: new_request_or_none = get_retry_request( response.request, spider=self, reason='empty', ) return new_request_or_none *spider* is the :class:`~scrapy.Spider` instance which is asking for the retry request. It is used to access the :ref:`settings <topics-settings>` and :ref:`stats <topics-stats>`, and to provide extra logging context (see :func:`logging.debug`). *reason* is a string or an :class:`Exception` object that indicates the reason why the request needs to be retried. It is used to name retry stats. *max_retry_times* is a number that determines the maximum number of times that *request* can be retried. If not specified or ``None``, the number is read from the :reqmeta:`max_retry_times` meta key of the request. If the :reqmeta:`max_retry_times` meta key is not defined or ``None``, the number is read from the :setting:`RETRY_TIMES` setting. *priority_adjust* is a number that determines how the priority of the new request changes in relation to *request*. If not specified, the number is read from the :setting:`RETRY_PRIORITY_ADJUST` setting. *logger* is the logging.Logger object to be used when logging messages *stats_base_key* is a string to be used as the base key for the retry-related job stats """ settings = spider.crawler.settings stats = spider.crawler.stats retry_times = request.meta.get('retry_times', 0) + 1 if max_retry_times is None: max_retry_times = request.meta.get('max_retry_times') if max_retry_times is None: max_retry_times = settings.getint('RETRY_TIMES') if retry_times <= max_retry_times: logger.debug( "Retrying %(request)s (failed %(retry_times)d times): %(reason)s", {'request': request, 'retry_times': retry_times, 'reason': reason}, extra={'spider': spider} ) new_request: Request = request.copy() new_request.meta['retry_times'] = retry_times new_request.dont_filter = True if priority_adjust is None: priority_adjust = settings.getint('RETRY_PRIORITY_ADJUST') new_request.priority = request.priority + priority_adjust if callable(reason): reason = reason() if isinstance(reason, Exception): reason = global_object_name(reason.__class__) stats.inc_value(f'{stats_base_key}/count') stats.inc_value(f'{stats_base_key}/reason_count/{reason}') return new_request else: stats.inc_value(f'{stats_base_key}/max_reached') logger.error( "Gave up retrying %(request)s (failed %(retry_times)d times): " "%(reason)s", {'request': request, 'retry_times': retry_times, 'reason': reason}, extra={'spider': spider}, ) return None
[docs]class RetryMiddleware: # IOError is raised by the HttpCompression middleware when trying to # decompress an empty response EXCEPTIONS_TO_RETRY = (defer.TimeoutError, TimeoutError, DNSLookupError, ConnectionRefusedError, ConnectionDone, ConnectError, ConnectionLost, TCPTimedOutError, ResponseFailed, IOError, TunnelError) def __init__(self, settings): if not settings.getbool('RETRY_ENABLED'): raise NotConfigured self.max_retry_times = settings.getint('RETRY_TIMES') self.retry_http_codes = set(int(x) for x in settings.getlist('RETRY_HTTP_CODES')) self.priority_adjust = settings.getint('RETRY_PRIORITY_ADJUST') @classmethod def from_crawler(cls, crawler): return cls(crawler.settings) def process_response(self, request, response, spider): if request.meta.get('dont_retry', False): return response if response.status in self.retry_http_codes: reason = response_status_message(response.status) return self._retry(request, reason, spider) or response return response def process_exception(self, request, exception, spider): if ( isinstance(exception, self.EXCEPTIONS_TO_RETRY) and not request.meta.get('dont_retry', False) ): return self._retry(request, exception, spider) def _retry(self, request, reason, spider): max_retry_times = request.meta.get('max_retry_times', self.max_retry_times) priority_adjust = request.meta.get('priority_adjust', self.priority_adjust) return get_retry_request( request, reason=reason, spider=spider, max_retry_times=max_retry_times, priority_adjust=priority_adjust, )