New in version 2.0.

Scrapy has partial support for asyncio. After you install the asyncio reactor, you may use asyncio and asyncio-powered libraries in any coroutine.

Installing the asyncio reactor

To enable asyncio support, set the TWISTED_REACTOR setting to 'twisted.internet.asyncioreactor.AsyncioSelectorReactor'.

If you are using CrawlerRunner, you also need to install the AsyncioSelectorReactor reactor manually. You can do that using install_reactor():


Handling a pre-installed reactor

twisted.internet.reactor and some other Twisted imports install the default Twisted reactor as a side effect. Once a Twisted reactor is installed, it is not possible to switch to a different reactor at run time.

If you configure the asyncio Twisted reactor and, at run time, Scrapy complains that a different reactor is already installed, chances are you have some such imports in your code.

You can usually fix the issue by moving those offending module-level Twisted imports to the method or function definitions where they are used. For example, if you have something like:

from twisted.internet import reactor

def my_function():

Switch to something like:

def my_function():
    from twisted.internet import reactor


Alternatively, you can try to manually install the asyncio reactor, with install_reactor(), before those imports happen.

Awaiting on Deferreds

When the asyncio reactor isn’t installed, you can await on Deferreds in the coroutines directly. When it is installed, this is not possible anymore, due to specifics of the Scrapy coroutine integration (the coroutines are wrapped into asyncio.Future objects, not into Deferred directly), and you need to wrap them into Futures. Scrapy provides two helpers for this:

scrapy.utils.defer.deferred_to_future(d: Deferred) Future[source]

New in version 2.6.0.

Return an asyncio.Future object that wraps d.

When using the asyncio reactor, you cannot await on Deferred objects from Scrapy callables defined as coroutines, you can only await on Future objects. Wrapping Deferred objects into Future objects allows you to wait on them:

class MySpider(Spider):
    async def parse(self, response):
        additional_request = scrapy.Request('')
        deferred =
        additional_response = await deferred_to_future(deferred)
scrapy.utils.defer.maybe_deferred_to_future(d: Deferred) Union[Deferred, Future][source]

New in version 2.6.0.

Return d as an object that can be awaited from a Scrapy callable defined as a coroutine.

What you can await in Scrapy callables defined as coroutines depends on the value of TWISTED_REACTOR:

If you want to write code that uses Deferred objects but works with any reactor, use this function on all Deferred objects:

class MySpider(Spider):
    async def parse(self, response):
        additional_request = scrapy.Request('')
        deferred =
        additional_response = await maybe_deferred_to_future(deferred)


If you need to use these functions in code that aims to be compatible with lower versions of Scrapy that do not provide these functions, down to Scrapy 2.0 (earlier versions do not support asyncio), you can copy the implementation of these functions into your own code.

Enforcing asyncio as a requirement

If you are writing a component that requires asyncio to work, use scrapy.utils.reactor.is_asyncio_reactor_installed() to enforce it as a requirement. For example:

from scrapy.utils.reactor import is_asyncio_reactor_installed

class MyComponent:
    def __init__(self):
        if not is_asyncio_reactor_installed():
            raise ValueError(
                f"{MyComponent.__qualname__} requires the asyncio Twisted "
                f"reactor. Make sure you have it configured in the "
                f"TWISTED_REACTOR setting. See the asyncio documentation "
                f"of Scrapy for more information."

Windows-specific notes

The Windows implementation of asyncio can use two event loop implementations, ProactorEventLoop (default) and SelectorEventLoop. However, only SelectorEventLoop works with Twisted.

Scrapy changes the event loop class to SelectorEventLoop automatically when you change the TWISTED_REACTOR setting or call install_reactor().


Other libraries you use may require ProactorEventLoop, e.g. because it supports subprocesses (this is the case with playwright), so you cannot use them together with Scrapy on Windows (but you should be able to use them on WSL or native Linux).

Using custom asyncio loops

You can also use custom asyncio event loops with the asyncio reactor. Set the ASYNCIO_EVENT_LOOP setting to the import path of the desired event loop class to use it instead of the default asyncio event loop.