Source code for scrapy.pipelines.images

Images Pipeline

See documentation in topics/media-pipeline.rst
import functools
import hashlib
import warnings
from contextlib import suppress
from io import BytesIO

from itemadapter import ItemAdapter

from scrapy.exceptions import DropItem, NotConfigured, ScrapyDeprecationWarning
from scrapy.http import Request
from scrapy.http.request import NO_CALLBACK
from scrapy.pipelines.files import FileException, FilesPipeline

# TODO: from import MediaPipeline
from scrapy.settings import Settings
from scrapy.utils.misc import md5sum
from scrapy.utils.python import get_func_args, to_bytes

class NoimagesDrop(DropItem):
    """Product with no images exception"""

    def __init__(self, *args, **kwargs):
            "The NoimagesDrop class is deprecated",
        super().__init__(*args, **kwargs)

class ImageException(FileException):
    """General image error exception"""

[docs]class ImagesPipeline(FilesPipeline): """Abstract pipeline that implement the image thumbnail generation logic""" MEDIA_NAME = "image" # Uppercase attributes kept for backward compatibility with code that subclasses # ImagesPipeline. They may be overridden by settings. MIN_WIDTH = 0 MIN_HEIGHT = 0 EXPIRES = 90 THUMBS = {} DEFAULT_IMAGES_URLS_FIELD = "image_urls" DEFAULT_IMAGES_RESULT_FIELD = "images" def __init__(self, store_uri, download_func=None, settings=None): try: from PIL import Image self._Image = Image except ImportError: raise NotConfigured( "ImagesPipeline requires installing Pillow 4.0.0 or later" ) super().__init__(store_uri, settings=settings, download_func=download_func) if isinstance(settings, dict) or settings is None: settings = Settings(settings) resolve = functools.partial( self._key_for_pipe, base_class_name="ImagesPipeline", settings=settings, ) self.expires = settings.getint(resolve("IMAGES_EXPIRES"), self.EXPIRES) if not hasattr(self, "IMAGES_RESULT_FIELD"): self.IMAGES_RESULT_FIELD = self.DEFAULT_IMAGES_RESULT_FIELD if not hasattr(self, "IMAGES_URLS_FIELD"): self.IMAGES_URLS_FIELD = self.DEFAULT_IMAGES_URLS_FIELD self.images_urls_field = settings.get( resolve("IMAGES_URLS_FIELD"), self.IMAGES_URLS_FIELD ) self.images_result_field = settings.get( resolve("IMAGES_RESULT_FIELD"), self.IMAGES_RESULT_FIELD ) self.min_width = settings.getint(resolve("IMAGES_MIN_WIDTH"), self.MIN_WIDTH) self.min_height = settings.getint(resolve("IMAGES_MIN_HEIGHT"), self.MIN_HEIGHT) self.thumbs = settings.get(resolve("IMAGES_THUMBS"), self.THUMBS) self._deprecated_convert_image = None @classmethod def from_settings(cls, settings): s3store = cls.STORE_SCHEMES["s3"] s3store.AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID = settings["AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID"] s3store.AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY = settings["AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY"] s3store.AWS_SESSION_TOKEN = settings["AWS_SESSION_TOKEN"] s3store.AWS_ENDPOINT_URL = settings["AWS_ENDPOINT_URL"] s3store.AWS_REGION_NAME = settings["AWS_REGION_NAME"] s3store.AWS_USE_SSL = settings["AWS_USE_SSL"] s3store.AWS_VERIFY = settings["AWS_VERIFY"] s3store.POLICY = settings["IMAGES_STORE_S3_ACL"] gcs_store = cls.STORE_SCHEMES["gs"] gcs_store.GCS_PROJECT_ID = settings["GCS_PROJECT_ID"] gcs_store.POLICY = settings["IMAGES_STORE_GCS_ACL"] or None ftp_store = cls.STORE_SCHEMES["ftp"] ftp_store.FTP_USERNAME = settings["FTP_USER"] ftp_store.FTP_PASSWORD = settings["FTP_PASSWORD"] ftp_store.USE_ACTIVE_MODE = settings.getbool("FEED_STORAGE_FTP_ACTIVE") store_uri = settings["IMAGES_STORE"] return cls(store_uri, settings=settings) def file_downloaded(self, response, request, info, *, item=None): return self.image_downloaded(response, request, info, item=item) def image_downloaded(self, response, request, info, *, item=None): checksum = None for path, image, buf in self.get_images(response, request, info, item=item): if checksum is None: checksum = md5sum(buf) width, height = image.size path, buf, info, meta={"width": width, "height": height}, headers={"Content-Type": "image/jpeg"}, ) return checksum def get_images(self, response, request, info, *, item=None): path = self.file_path(request, response=response, info=info, item=item) orig_image = width, height = orig_image.size if width < self.min_width or height < self.min_height: raise ImageException( "Image too small " f"({width}x{height} < " f"{self.min_width}x{self.min_height})" ) if self._deprecated_convert_image is None: self._deprecated_convert_image = "response_body" not in get_func_args( self.convert_image ) if self._deprecated_convert_image: warnings.warn( f"{self.__class__.__name__}.convert_image() method overridden in a deprecated way, " "overridden method does not accept response_body argument.", category=ScrapyDeprecationWarning, ) if self._deprecated_convert_image: image, buf = self.convert_image(orig_image) else: image, buf = self.convert_image( orig_image, response_body=BytesIO(response.body) ) yield path, image, buf for thumb_id, size in self.thumbs.items(): thumb_path = self.thumb_path( request, thumb_id, response=response, info=info, item=item ) if self._deprecated_convert_image: thumb_image, thumb_buf = self.convert_image(image, size) else: thumb_image, thumb_buf = self.convert_image(image, size, buf) yield thumb_path, thumb_image, thumb_buf def convert_image(self, image, size=None, response_body=None): if response_body is None: warnings.warn( f"{self.__class__.__name__}.convert_image() method called in a deprecated way, " "method called without response_body argument.", category=ScrapyDeprecationWarning, stacklevel=2, ) if image.format in ("PNG", "WEBP") and image.mode == "RGBA": background ="RGBA", image.size, (255, 255, 255)) background.paste(image, image) image = background.convert("RGB") elif image.mode == "P": image = image.convert("RGBA") background ="RGBA", image.size, (255, 255, 255)) background.paste(image, image) image = background.convert("RGB") elif image.mode != "RGB": image = image.convert("RGB") if size: image = image.copy() try: # Image.Resampling.LANCZOS was added in Pillow 9.1.0 # remove this try except block, # when updating the minimum requirements for Pillow. resampling_filter = self._Image.Resampling.LANCZOS except AttributeError: resampling_filter = self._Image.ANTIALIAS image.thumbnail(size, resampling_filter) elif response_body is not None and image.format == "JPEG": return image, response_body buf = BytesIO(), "JPEG") return image, buf
[docs] def get_media_requests(self, item, info): urls = ItemAdapter(item).get(self.images_urls_field, []) return [Request(u, callback=NO_CALLBACK) for u in urls]
[docs] def item_completed(self, results, item, info): with suppress(KeyError): ItemAdapter(item)[self.images_result_field] = [x for ok, x in results if ok] return item
[docs] def file_path(self, request, response=None, info=None, *, item=None): image_guid = hashlib.sha1(to_bytes(request.url)).hexdigest() return f"full/{image_guid}.jpg"
[docs] def thumb_path(self, request, thumb_id, response=None, info=None, *, item=None): thumb_guid = hashlib.sha1(to_bytes(request.url)).hexdigest() return f"thumbs/{thumb_id}/{thumb_guid}.jpg"